The Ajanta and Ellora caves are one of the biggest pride of Maharashtra. The Ajanta and Ellora caves are situated close to the village of Ajanta in Aurangabad district. These caves were declared by UNESCO World Heritage site in the year 1983 and it was discovered by an army officer belonging to the Madras Regiment of the British army in the year 1819. Until then, India had successfully hidden one of the most famous and elaborate cave structures in the world. The caves are horseshoe shaped and the earliest cave dates back to the second century BC. The caves from a riot of colors and is one of the greatest sites to behold.
The Ajanta and Ellora caves depict the life of Buddha and are considered one of the most important landmarks and creation of Buddhism. This case structure is a resounding testimony to the religious tolerance that India had practice. You can know Interesting Facts About Ajanta Ellora Caves. Even before the Britishers came in, the Hindus, the Buddhist and the Jains lived in peace in India. Here are a few important and interesting facts about the Ajanta and Ellora Caves.
The monsoon wonder
It is widely believed that there are a lot of Buddhist monks who spent a considerable amount of time in the Ajanta Caves as they were Forbidden to travel during monsoon. It is the range that Foster the creativity of these monks who put a lot of effort in painting the walls of these Caves.
The Ajanta and Ellora caves were discovered in the year 18-19 when John Smith who belonged to the 28 cavalry of the Madras Regiment of the British army accidentally chanced upon the horseshoe shaped Rock structures while he was busy in hunting tigers around the Deccan Plateau. The entrance was so interesting that the British officials were interested enough to cross the waghora river and reach the kids. It was rewarding to say the least because as soon as the archaeologist excavated the cave, the discovery of the cave spread so much that the Ajanta and Ellora caves started to attract tourists from your up as early as the MD 19th century.
The variety in architecture
One of the signature architecture of Buddhists are the stupid. In addition to all the paintings and sculptures, there are a lot of stupid that are built around the cave and in addition to the stupid, there are also intricately designed pillars and ceilings that have earned the Ajanta and Ellora caves the much deserved status of being a UNESCO World Heritage site.
The complex cave complex
What John Smith had discovered was just the start of an interesting and intriguing journey. It was soon discovered that there were about 30 caves inside the cave complex and all these caves were created during various times in history. Some of them were created during the Satavahana period and some of them were created using the Gupta period.
The not-so-grand canyons
Canyons where an essential part of the architecture of Buddhists. The sanctuaries of the Buddhist monks was located in canyons and in the monsoon season, you can expect some water to fall across the gorges in these canyons. The canyons were built on the waghora river.
The Ajanta Phase 2
After the second century BC caves, a lot of Emperors who wear patrons of Buddhism started to expand these caves. One such emperor was harisena of the vakataka dynasty. He built close to 20kb temples simultaneously and they were made to resemble the modern day monasteries. There was also a sanctum at the rear end of the cave structure.
However during the end of his ruling these caves were forgotten and abandoned. It is only because of this I’m better than meant that for a started growing around the Cape and this was the reason these caves were and discovered for so long.
Buddhism at its best
The paintings, sculptures and everything that can be found in this case dogs allowed about Buddhism. It talks about the philosophy and the teachings of Buddha. There are also a lot of paintings that depict the life of Gautama Buddha right from the days when he was Siddhartha. The Jataka tales, which is an equivalent of the aesop’s fables for Buddhist world is also represented in the walls. To do justice to the king who ruled major parts of India, there are also representations of the royal Court during the different ages in which the caves were built.
A beautiful contradiction
Gautam Buddha was always against the principle of sculpting and painting images of him. However, you can find a lot of Buddha statues all over the world and even different depictions of him. The main teaching of Buddha was that one should attain salvation through overcoming Desire which is quite a long process. However, people Who worshipped Buddha had other ideas and they wanted paintings and sculptures of Buddha so that people had something to remember and hold on to when they were worshipping.
A tall and warm welcome
At the entrance of the Ajanta Ellora caves, you will find a tall statue of Lord Buddha that awaits to greet you. The gateway to the cave is complete with a lot of auspicious intricacies and there are a good number of sculpture and paintings of padmapani and vajrapani. There are also paintings of dancing girls and even scenes depicting Persian Embassy and pink elephants point
The age difference
The earliest cave is more than 2000 years old and the youngest cave is a little over 600 years old. Until about 600 years ago, the buddhists had quite an influence over India.
If one place was undiscovered until 250 years ago and became one of the hottest tourist spots just about 25 years from its Discovery, and if all of these happened when aeroplanes were not discovered and the only possibility of people travelling to other countries was through ships, it can talk a lot about the awesomeness of the place. Such is bought the Ajanta and Ellora caves were about. These caves not only talk about the architectural Mestri that Indians had by converting normal rocks into amazing sculptures but also the religious tolerance that people had that a Hindu dominated country let the Buddha’s have their own magnificent sculpture!